B scene: Exquisite Corpse

Here at the Blanton, we’re so excited about Halloween that we decided to start the celebration a week early! On Friday, October 24, join us for B scene: Exquisite Corpse. We’ll be celebrating the mind-bending world of the exquisite corpse and the astounding brain of artist James Drake, the focus of our new exhibition, James Drake: Anatomy of Drawing and Space (Brain Trash). For two years, Drake, a Texas native, committed to drawing every single day. The resulting 1,242 compositions (depicting anatomy, animals, scientific formulas and other “brain trash”) provide the perfect setting for our quarterly art party!

B sceneBased on an old parlor game, “exquisite corpse” invites participants to write a phrase or draw a picture on a sheet of paper, fold the paper to conceal part of it, and pass it on to the next player for his or her contribution. The idea originated with the Surrealists in Paris in 1925 when the first compiled phrase was, “Le cadavre exquis boira le vin nouveau.” (“The exquisite corpse shall drink the new wine.”)

At B scene: Exquisite Corpse, Big Medium, the team behind the East Austin Studio Tour,  will help you summon your subconscious with an exquisite corpse art making activity. They will also distribute advance copies of the 2014 E.A.S.T. catalogue. And be sure to stop by our media sponsor table where Tribeza will showcase their latest issue.

Dead Music Capital Band, Austin’s favorite zombie marching band, will provide some macabre music mashups that will boggle your brains. And THAT Damn Band will scare up some exquisite corpses on the dance floor with their musical stylings.

B sceneThe event will transport you back to one of the Surrealist parlour gatherings—picture aubergine velvet drapes and Gothic candelabras—and we invite you to subvert the norm like the Surrealists by dressing in your most creative and uncanny costume. Imbibe the End of the World Blantini, the Blanton’s spookiest specialty cocktail, and, as with all of our B scene events, there will be cash bars featuring beer, wine, and mixed drinks. Food will be available for purchase including BBQ brisket sliders with crispy tobacco onions, a mashed sweet potato bar with your choice of mix-ins, a fall composed salad, and skewered devil’s food cake. Members can trick or treat themselves to caramel corn from Cornucopia and macaroons from Elizabeth Street Café. Not a member? Join today!

Tours of James Drake: Anatomy of Drawing and Space (Brain Trash) will take place at 6:30pm, 7:00pm, and 7:30pm. Please note that the galleries will close at 9:00pm, but the party will live on until 10:00pm!

B scene is FREE for members/ $12 general public. Tickets are available online or at the door. To learn more about B scene, visit our website.

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Art21 Screening: Legacy

On October 30 from 5-8 p.m., the Blanton is pleased to host a special evening of public events including an early screening of “Legacy,” an episode of PBS’s primetime Art21 series, Art in the Twenty-First Century. This Peabody-award winning series showcases some of the most interesting and engaging contemporary art to a broad public audience. In addition to this sneak preview, the evening will include a self-guided visit of the Blanton’s galleries before the screening and a panel discussion on the many roles contemporary art can play in the classroom.

Art 21 eflyer

The evening’s episode features three very different approaches to the concept of legacy by artists Tania Bruguera, Abraham Cruzvillegas, and Wolfgang Laib. Cuban-American artist, Tania Bruguera, blends the space of performance and daily life to consider our political inheritance. Abraham Cruzvillegas forges sculptures from found materials from his home near Mexico City as an exploration of transformation and place. Working with natural materials like pollen, beeswax and milk, Wolfgang Laib’s process demonstrates an engagement with ritual and repetition.

Wolfgang Laib

Image still from Legacy of Wolfgang Laib at work

“Legacy” is a hot topic at the Blanton right now. In keeping with this theme, the event’s self-guided materials will feature several stops in the exhibition La linea continua. La linea continua highlights Latin American artwork from the recently gifted Judy and Charles Tate Collection. From the enduring impact of works by Joaquin Torres-Garcia to the resonance of scientific discoveries about perception in the mind-bending kinetic art of Jesús Rafael Soto, the story of Latin American art can be found throughout the exhibition. The theme is echoed in the legacy of the Tates’ generosity and its contribution to the many students and teachers who utilize the Blanton’s collections.

Continuing Art21’s aim towards a broad audience for contemporary art, the panel discussion following the screening will consider how to dynamically integrate contemporary art into the classroom as well as engage museum visitors of all ages. Featuring art educator Samantha Melvin, Blanton Curatorial Assistant Amethyst Beaver, and Associate Professor of Art Education at UT, Dr. Christina Bain, the panel will explore how audiences of all ages can engage art from a variety of disciplinary angles.

This free event is made possible with the generous support of Mobius Risk Group. 

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The Art of Snapchat

bma-snapchatWorking in social media is a pretty awesome job. As the Blanton’s Digital Communications Coordinator, it’s my responsibility to oversee all of our online social media profiles including Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, Pinterest, Instagram, and more. In August, we decided to go out on a limb and become one of the first museums to join Snapchat, a popular mobile app where users send pictures and video to each other. But there’s a catch—the image disappears after a set amount of time (at most, 10 seconds).

Why Snapchat? As an image-based network, the fit between Snapchat and art history seemed natural. Buzzfeed listicles with titles like “29 Art History Snapchats That Will Give You Life” had already attracted thousands of views, demonstrating the popularity of this content in spaces beyond just the art world. However, unlike other social networks, Snapchat doesn’t offer a profile page where you can see all the content a user has created. This may seem to undermine all the hard work put into carefully writing tweets, designing images, and coming up with content that I post on our other profiles, but there is a draw: 77% of college students use Snapchat at least once a day. As an art museum on the University of Texas at Austin campus, what if we were able to reach students where they already are—on their phones? Here was my chance, as a proud UT art history major, to prove wrong all those who saw museums as stuffy or boring!

Keeping in mind the idea that many images shared on Snapchat were tongue-in-cheek, and drawing off the art history snaps that had proven so popular on Buzzfeed, I roamed the Blanton’s galleries trying to think of funny or slightly raunchy captions I could add to images of our permanent collection. Drawing on my knowledge of all things meme and tumblr-related, I stood in front of various paintings, trying to figure out how to best explain them in 21st century terms.

Nicolas de Largillière’s Portrait of a Man immediately stood out as the main character in the LMFAO song I’m Sexy and I Know It, while Francesco Guarino da Solofra’s depiction of five female saints became a Mean Girls reference. Bartholomaeus Spranger’s Saint Margaret was afflicted with a troubling phenomenon that many modern women can relate to—resting bitch face—and a portrait of a gentleman in In the Company of Cats and Dogs bore a striking resemblance to Eugene Levy in Ferris Bueller’s Day Off.

Part of the appeal of Snapchat is that it allows museums to poke fun at themselves. Humor is often a less intimidating gateway into more serious subjects, and writing Snapchat captions helps demonstrate that something created 100, 200, or even 300 years ago can still be relevant in today’s world. I’ve received snaps from people all over the world, often in other languages, who are able to interact with the Blanton’s collection and discover an art museum in Texas that they had probably never heard of before. Twitter user (and museum professional) Lindsey Marolt summed it up perfectly:

For more Blanton snaps, check out the photos below! If you’re a Snapchat enthusiast, make sure to add us: blantonmuseum.

Alie Cline is the Digital Communications Coordinator at the Blanton and holds BAs in Art History and English from the University of Texas at Austin. You can find her online as the voice behind all the Blanton’s social media profiles, or on Twitter at @aliecline.

Snap2 snap6 Snap8 Snap9 Snap11 Snap24 snap23 Snap21 Snap19Snap16 Snap13 snap17

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Kinetic and Optical Art in La línea continua

“Movement is a spark of life that makes art human and truly realistic. An artwork endowed with never-repetitive kinetic rhythm is one of freest things one can imagine.” – Pontus Hultén, leaflet for the 1955 Le mouvement exhibition in Paris

Julio Le Parc, Continuel Mobile [Continual Mobile], 1966, aluminum and color acetate with cloth, cardboard, and fishing wire on wood, edition 49/100, 38 3/4 x 15 3/4 in., Promised gift of Judy and Charles Tate, 2014. © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Julio Le Parc, Continuel Mobile [Continual Mobile], 1966, aluminum and color acetate with cloth, cardboard, and fishing wire on wood, edition 49/100, 38 3/4 x 15 3/4 in., Promised gift of Judy and Charles Tate, 2014. © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

As you enter the Blanton’s new special exhibition La línea continua: The Judy and Charles Tate Collection of Latin American Art, one of the first objects that might catch your eye hangs two galleries away ­– a stunning installation of painted wood and dangling metal wires by Venezuelan artist Jesús Rafael Soto. The work, titled Rombo cobalto [Cobalt Rhombus], is one of several mesmerizing examples of Kinetic and Optical (Op) art in the exhibition, the entirety of which was recently gifted to the Blanton. This Wednesday at 3:30 pm, Dr. James Oles of Wellesley College will be speaking at the museum about the influence of Cézanne on Latin American Kinetic artists. As a preface to that, this week’s post offers a brief primer on one of the most intuitively appealing artistic movements of the last century.

In the midst of the various strands of geometric abstraction that emerged in South America during the postwar period, Op and Kinetic art began with a community of Venezuelan and Argentine artists who made their way to Paris in the 1950s. These artists shared an affinity for industrial materials and technology and an interest in sensory perception, which they explored in art through the use of color, light, and movement. One of the first of these artists to arrive in Paris was Soto, who went on to participate in Le mouvement, a groundbreaking exhibition of Kinetic art there in 1955.

Jesús Rafael Soto, Rombo cobalto [Cobalt Rhombus], 1968, paint on wood mounted to fiberboard with metal and monofilament, 55.5 x 55.5 x 9.8 in., Promised gift of Judy and Charles Tate, 2014. © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Jesús Rafael Soto, Rombo cobalto [Cobalt Rhombus], 1968, paint on wood mounted to fiberboard with metal and monofilament, 55.5 x 55.5 x 9.8 in., Promised gift of Judy and Charles Tate, 2014. © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Though painted in 1968, Rombo cobalto features the same innovations that Soto developed over a decade earlier. The rhombus-shaped composition to which the title refers is divided in half, with the upper register painted blue and the lower painted in thin, horizontal black and white stripes. A small metal bar is inserted into a hole at top of the work, from which a set of nearly invisible lines of monofilament hang. These in turn suspend dangling pieces of blue wire in front of lower half of the painting. The effect of this complex construction is enthralling: the viewer’s eye attempts to differentiate between painted line and three-dimensional one, generating a dizzying but pleasant optical effect. Because the wires are capable of moving at the slightest breeze, the work is a prime example both of Op art (it simulates motion in the eye of the viewer) and Kinetic art (it literally moves).

Carlos Cruz-Diez, Vibraciones en el espacio [Vibrations in Space], 1958, oil on wood with paper, 26 x 29 7/8 x 1 7/8 in., Promised gift of Judy and Charles Tate, 2014. © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Carlos Cruz-Diez, Vibraciones en el espacio [Vibrations in Space], 1958, oil on wood with paper, 26 x 29 7/8 x 1 7/8 in., Promised gift of Judy and Charles Tate, 2014. © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

One attendee of the Le mouvement exhibition was Carlos Cruz-Diez, a Venezuelan ad man and illustrator turned painter. Cruz-Diez became primarily interested in the visual effects that could be generated by color and light, and the bulk of his work beginning in the late 1950s explores these themes. The Blanton’s exhibition includes one Op art example by Cruz-Diez, a 1958 painting in black and white titled Vibraciones en el espacio [Vibrations in Space]. The work depicts a tilted rectangle made up of thin, vertical stripes in black and white that serve as a background – or foreground, depending on how you look at – to geometric shapes filled with thicker, horizontalstripes in black and white. By juxtaposing the horizontal and vertical stripes and varying their thickness, Cruz-Diez created an unstable image whose forms, while two-dimensional, are challenging for the viewer to reconcile.

Luis Tomasello, Atmosphere Chromoplastique No. 210 [Chromoplastic Atmosphere No. 210], 1968, paint on wood, 45 3/16 x 45 5/8 x 2 1/2 in., Promised gift of Judy and Charles Tate, 2014.

Luis Tomasello, Atmosphere Chromoplastique No. 210 [Chromoplastic Atmosphere No. 210], 1968, paint on wood, 45 3/16 x 45 5/8 x 2 1/2 in., Promised gift of Judy and Charles Tate, 2014.

The works on view by Soto and Cruz-Diez, as well as those by their Argentine peers Julio Le Parc and Luis Tomasello, demonstrate another key criterion for Kinetic and Op art: active participation of the spectator. These artists worked to create an accessible and democratic experience, in which every viewer, through vision, touch, and position in space, is critical to the success of the artwork. Visit La línea continua to learn more about this radical group of Latin American artists and experience their work firsthand.

Dr. James Oles’ lecture “Cézannisme à la américaine latine: The Impact of Cézanne on Diego Rivera and Jesús Rafael Soto” will take place at the Blanton on Wednesday, Oct. 1 at 3:30 pm. La línea continua is on view until Feb. 15, 2015.

Beth Shook is the Blanton’s Curatorial Associate for Latin American art. She holds an M.A. in Art History from George Mason University, where she specialized in 20th-century Latin America.

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Meet the Musicians of SoundSpace: Sound Construction

This Sunday at 2pm, the Blanton is excited to present the eighth installment of SoundSpace, an immersive visual and sonic experience with musical performances throughout the museum. In a recent article in the Austin American-Statesman, writer Jeanne Claire van Ryzin states,”The Blanton Museum of Art’s SoundSpace easily claims must-see status.” 

SoundSpace: Sound Construction will explore facets of tonal color and texture through the use of unconventional, newly constructed instruments and techniques. Artistic Director Steve Parker interviewed some of SoundSpace’s composers and performers in anticipation of this weekend’s event.

Sam Cusumano

Sam Cusumano

Sam Cusumano, Artist and Engineer

What will you be presenting during the next SoundSpace show?

Electricity for Progress – Modification presents a series of interactive exhibits featuring modified consumer electronics. Guests will be invited to push buttons and turn knobs to create soundscapes and to learn and explore the functionality of simple children’s toys using sound.  I will be onsite to discuss the exhibits and answer questions.

How do you explore timbre (the character or quality of a musical sound or voice) in your work?

An amazing variety of textures are available through the modification (or circuit bending) of sonic devices. I analyze the functionality of small samplers and musical toys in order to provide an environment of free play for guests to explore and question. The sounds produced can be musically beautiful, or are at times, quite alarming and grating; these modifications are meant to excite and inspire the interactive audience, as well as expand the expectations and understanding for guests of the possibilities hidden with common electronics.

applesDo you have any expectations about how audiences will experience your work in the Blanton versus in a conventional performance space?

At the Blanton, audiences will find a series of devices distributed throughout the space, each offering a unique experience framed in the context of the museum collection.  By challenging the “don’t touch – be quiet” rules assumed in a gallery setting, Electricity for Progress – Modification invites guests to touch and interrogate installations, producing a variety of strange sounds, and changing visitor’s perspectives on interactive installation and performance art.

What other projects do you have coming up?

I am an Engineer for the Arts, working with Artists, Musicians, Curators, and Business Owners to solve technological challenges and present solutions.  My latest project MIDIsprout.org, working with the amazing organization Data Garden, will fulfill orders from a successful Kickstarter in November.  After that, I am looking forward to working on a variety of educational and custom projects.  I really want to help people understand how their tools work.

Dan Lippel

Dan Lippel

Dan Lippel, Guitar

What will you be presenting during the next SoundSpace show?

I’ll be performing my friend and colleague Reiko Fueting’s solo guitar piece Red Wall. Reiko is a German composer based in New York and this piece was inspired by a hike he took in the Austrian alps, and the contrast between the majestic and dramatic heights and the pristine silence that one hears as you near the summit.

How do you explore timbre in your work?

In this particular piece, Reiko explores the subtle timbral and pitch discrepancies between different locations of playing the same note on the guitar. On the guitar, there are sometimes six different ways to play the same pitch, fretted on different strings and with harmonics. The delicate timbral differences between these different fingerings are the basis for Red Wall’s exploration of the resonance of the instrument. Generally, timbral contrast is a central parameter of many new works for the guitar, and composers have really exploited this strength of the instrument either to paint a sonic picture or to create a sort of implied counterpoint between different timbres.

Do you have any expectations about how audiences will experience your work in the Blanton versus in a conventional performance space?

My experience is that playing in a gallery often facilitates a kind of openness to unfamiliar sounds that is harder to come by in a concert hall. An art gallery is a familiar context for experimentation, and that translates to a musical performance in the same space.

What other projects do you have coming up?

On September 29, I’ll be playing a solo recital of contemporary classical guitar music at UTSA (The University of Texas at San Antonio) as part of a residency I’m giving there. After that, I’m preparing for a solo recital of electric guitar and electronics music for the Sinus Ton Festival in Magdeburg, Germany at the end of the October. We’ve put together a really great program including new pieces written for me by Dai Fujikura, Sidney Corbett, and Morris Rosenzweig along with a really wild piece for guitar and loop pedal called Trash TV Trance by Italian composer Fausto Romitelli. Rounding out the program is my performance of Steve Reich’s iconic Electric Counterpoint in which I am trying to emphasize the connections between Reich’s work and the music of West and Central Africa that inspired him.

Travis Weller, Composer

What will you be presenting during the next SoundSpace show?

23-skiff-prototype1I’ll be presenting my new program-length piece Symmetrographia for an ensemble of 10 musicians playing traditional string instruments alongside instruments that I built. This piece is really important to me in that it ties together a lot of the sounds and ideas I’ve been working with for the past few years. The custom instruments involved were all created for past projects, but it has been really satisfying hearing them all in the same context. And since I’ve had a good deal of time to develop their sounds and techniques, I feel like they have really come into their own. This is a big piece for me and I’m thrilled it is being premiered at the Blanton.

How do you explore timbre in your work?

The character of sound coming from an instrument is something I’m really fascinated by. Historically, a major goal of traditional instrument design and playing technique has been to produce an even and consistent tone across the entire range. That way, composers have a stable reference point to work with harmony and melody in a predictable way. But I’m more interested in an interesting palette of sounds than making sure they all sounds uniform. So I stretch string players into different sonic territories using the naturally idiosyncratic behavior of strings, and build new instruments that make new sounds to add into the mix. At each point in the piece performers are given specific instructions about the tone quality I’m looking for. There are fewer notes than you might expect from an hour- long piece, but the individual textures and timbres and how they work together are the focal point.

Travis Weller

Do you have any expectations about how audiences will experience your work in the Blanton versus in a conventional performance space?

I really want the audience to feel free to move around the space and experience the piece from a variety of perspectives. The atrium at the Blanton has so much going for it: audience members will have a 360-degree view of the musicians. Walk up the stairs and look down from the mezzanine, listen nearby the ensemble, walk around behind the columns, or just grab a chair and stay put. The most important thing to me is that you be comfortable enough to really experience the sounds to their fullest.

Do you have a favorite work or gallery in the museum?

Well, it isn’t in the museum currently, but the first thing I thought of was Bremen Towne by Keith Edmier which stopped through the Blanton a year or so ago. The artist recreated his childhood kitchen from 1971. It was great.

What other projects do you have coming up?

I’m writing a piece for New York-based Ensemble Pamplemousse. It will be performed in the spring of 2015.

Natalie Zeldin

Natalie Zeldin

Natalie Zeldin, Flute

What will you be presenting during the next SoundSpace show?

I will be playing Density 21.5 by Edgard Varèse, and then inviting visitors to explore and improvise the piece with me.

How do you explore timbre in your work?

Well, the timbre of the flute comes in large part from the material of the instrument. Basically, the denser the metal of the flute, the more power and energy the flute can deliver. Most flutists today play on either silver or even denser gold instruments, depending on what sound quality they prefer.

Density 21.5 was written as a premiere performance on a platinum flute. (The density of platinum is 21.5) Even denser than gold or silver, playing on platinum is heavy, deep, and powerful. Playing on platinum is the flute equivalent of driving a Hummer. To play this piece well, you have to let out your inner monster and go a bit wild. It gets pretty loud.

Varèse writes the piece to explore the full tonal spectrum, pushing the limits of the instrument and the performer. Whenever I practice it, I learn a new lesson about what sounds the flute is capable of producing.

Do you have any expectations about how audiences will experience your work in the Blanton versus in a conventional performance space?

Even though the piece was written in 1936, it is fresh and powerful. I want to give the audience a chance to really grapple with the piece because I have learned so much each time I dig deeper into the work. So, Steve and I thought it would be fun to introduce a component for audience interaction. After I play the piece, I will invite visitors to perform a reflection/improvisation on the piece with me on electronic instruments made by Sam Cusumano. There may or may not be a yodeling pickle.

Do you have a favorite work or gallery in the museum? 

It’s hard to pick a favorite, but I’ve always loved the Portrait of a Man by Sebastiano Luciani (c.1516). He just looks like such a nice guy.

What other projects do you have coming up? 

My flute and guitar duo (Duo Epsilon) has some upcoming projects–stay tuned!

 

SoundSpace: Sound Construction takes place on Sunday, September 28 from 2pm to 4pm and is included with museum admission. For more information, visit our website.

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Celebrating Latin American Art at the Blanton this Fall

Lothar Charoux

Lothar Charoux
Composicao I, 1950
Oil on canvas,
23 13/16 x 19 1/16 in.
Promised gift of Judy and Charles Tate

As you may have seen in the Houston Chronicle, Hyperallergic, and elsewhere, we are thrilled to share that the Blanton has been gifted approximately 120 modern and contemporary Latin American artworks from UT alumni Judy and Charles Tate of Houston. In addition, the Tates have made a major contribution towards the endowment that supports the museum’s Latin American curatorship. Their collection—the entirety of which will ultimately come to the Blanton—includes painting, drawing, prints, sculpture, and mixed media works by artists Tarsila do Amaral, Lygia Clark, Frida Kahlo, Carlos Mérida, Wifredo Lam, Armando Reverón, Diego Rivera, Alejandro Xul Solar, and Joaquín Torres-García, among others. Spanning the early 20th century to the present, the gift features many of the artists who were key to the creation of modernism in Latin America.

For over fifteen years, the Tates have built a collection that complements the museum’s existing holdings of more than 2,100 Latin American objects. Highlights include: an ethereal painting by Armando Reverón from the 1920s; a 1946 graphite drawing by Frida Kahlo and a cubist period drawing by Diego Rivera; two paintings and an ink drawing by Wifredo Lam spanning his time in France in the late 1930s to his return to Cuba in the 1940s; a 1951 surrealist painting by Leonora Carrington; a 1953 glass mosaic by Carlos Mérida—a playful fusion of abstraction and figuration; mid-20th-century kinetic and concrete works by important artists Jesús Rafael Soto, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Lygia Clark, Willys de Castro, Lothar Charoux, Mira Schendel, and Hélio Oiticica; and contemporary works by Fernando Botero, Waltercio Caldas, Jorge Macchi, and Sebastián Gordín. 

Enio Iommi

Enio Iommi
Línea continua, c. 1949-52
Stainless steel,
9 5/8 x 11 ¾ x 11 ¾ in.
Promised gift of Judy and Charles Tate

From September 20, 2014 – February 15, 2015, the Blanton will present a selection of approximately 70 works from the collection. Entitled La línea continuathe exhibition takes its name from an elegant sculpture from the collection by Enio Iommi: a stainless steel “line” that traces an infinite loop in space. The work is also a fitting metaphor for the continual and nourishing connection between Judy and Charles Tate, the University of Texas, and the Blanton.

To bookend and contextualize the works in La línea continua, the Blanton has organized two counterpart installations that together span much of the history, culture, and geography of Latin America.

Doris Salcedo Untitled, 1995 wood, cement, steel, glass and cloth Diane and Bruce Halle Collection

Doris Salcedo
Untitled, 1995
wood, cement, steel, glass and cloth
Diane and Bruce Halle Collection

 Re-envisioning the Virgin Mary: Colonial Painting from South America features seven paintings on loan from two of the country’s most distinguished collections of colonial South American art—the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection, New York, and the Marilynn and Carl Thoma Collection, Chicago. The paintings, created in what are now the countries of Peru and Venezuela, represent devotions to Mary that were popular in Spain in the 17th and 18th centuries and brought to the Americas by Spanish colonists.

On the contemporary front, a selection of works from internationally recognized artist Doris Salcedo will be displayed. Salcedo addresses themes of loss and mourning with works that cross international boundaries. Employing domestic objects such as furniture and clothing—once activated and personal—her sculptures explore the history of violence and oppression in her native Colombia and beyond, giving voice to the marginalized, missing, or deceased.

Looking for more Latin American art from our collection? Visit our website, or check out our Pinterest board with works from the collection and the Tate gift. Don’t miss seeing these incredible works of Latin American art at the Blanton this season!

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What Happens in One Place Affects Us All: A Conversation with Artist Adriana Corral

University of Texas at Austin MFA grad Adriana Corral has been working with themes of gender-based violence since she came to UT in 2010.  Based in San Antonio, she has exhibited at the Visual Arts Center at UT Austin, Mexic-Arte Museum in Austin, the Grounds for Sculpture in Trenton, New Jersey, the Bellevue Art Museum in Seattle and will be featured in the upcoming exhibition “Invasive Species: Landscapes by Justin Boyd, Adriana Corral, and Joey Fauerso” at Artpace, in San Antonio, opening September 11.  

Curatorial Assistant Amethyst Beaver caught up with Corral to talk about growing up in El Paso, her experience at UT, the first time she went to the Blanton, her process of breaking the silence about violence against women and her upcoming project at Artpace.

Amethyst Beaver:  Lets start from the beginning.  Who were some of your earliest influences?

Adriana Corral: There are four people that I think really shaped me into the person that I have become today: my mother, my father, my aunt Marti and my uncle Charlie.  My aunt Marti was an anesthesiologist and my uncle Charlie is a cardiovascular and thoracic surgeon.

AB: You mentioned that your mother, aunt Marti and uncle Charlie all worked together and that you grew up in their offices.  When did you attend your first surgery?

AC: I went to one of the first surgeries when I was about eight or nine.  It was a family environment. My uncle performed the surgery, my aunt put the patients under and then my mom did the autotransfusions. One of their dearest friends was the nurse. They would play music and they would be in their environment.  Now looking back, watching them extend the lives of these patients really had a strong affect on me.

At an early age, the idea of life and death was an important thing that they taught us.  My mother fought with all of the physicians and nurses for my older brother and sister to be in the operating room when I was born because she said to watch life is extremely important.  It is the most beautiful thing that you could ever witness and that is life in its purest form.

AB: Did you witness death in the operating room?

AC: I didn’t experience that in the operating room.  My aunt Marti was the physician and then became the patient when she was diagnosed with breast cancer.  During undergrad I would take her to chemo and radiation. I think going with her to chemo and radiation I was seeing the reality of it. And I was watching her body deteriorate, literally, in front of me.

As I was taking my aunt to chemo she would look over my drawing anatomy homework and say “Okay, the anatomy on that is not correct.” (Laughter) “You’re not doing this right.” And she knew it. She was very honest with no sugar coating.  She was probably the toughest person on me: her and my dad.  They were extremely critical. They pushed me in a good way.

AB: They were your advocates as well as your challengers.

AC: Yes. My aunt wanted me to pursue medical school.  She saw that I was an artist but she just wanted me to go to medical school. She said “you can do so much when you are in the medical field.  When you are a physician you can save lives and really help people.”  But I had this love to make art and once I proved my dedication she understood.

AB: When did you know you wanted to be an artist?

AC: When I was junior in high school I fell ill with Epstein Bar—it’s when you have over exerted yourself and your body basically shuts down. I was out of school for three months. I started drawing, working with pastels, and I started painting. It was then that I decided this is what I want to do; I knew it.  During that time my aunt Marti gave me art books and she gave me my first journal.  And that has been a huge part of my practice; journaling, sketching and writing. I have so many, many, many journals and it all was because she gave me my very first one.

AB: How did your parents react to your decision to be an artist?

AC: I remember sitting down with my parents and saying, “I am going to go to undergrad, and then I am going to go to grad school and that is what I am going to do.”  They said, “what about pursuing medical school?” When I was young, my aunt would take me to conferences encouraging young kids to go into the medical profession.  And I loved it, but there was something that was just really pulling me to do art.

AB:  You completed your BFA at UT El Paso in 2008. When did you first look into UT Austin for grad school?

AC: I went to stay with my sister and her husband in Austin and I asked Margo [Sawyer, a UT professor] if she would meet with me.  She graciously did and I remember sitting with her in the sculpture studio. I asked her a lot of questions about the program, about her practice and her work.  I showed her my work and she said, “I am going to fight for you. I believe in you. I believe in your work.”

AB: This was your first meeting?

AC: It was an instant bonding and the conversation was wonderful. It was just an amazing connection with someone. I left so enthusiastic. I returned to El Paso and then a few weeks later I got into a severe car accident, which put me out of commission for almost two years.

AB: Oh no! That’s terrible. Someone was going to fight for you, you were going to apply to grad school, you were ready to take on the world and then—

AC:  —then the world said, “Whoa, slow down girl.” I had severe upper body injuries.  I was in physical therapy, Monday through Saturday, three hours each day for a year and a half.  When the accident happened, I wrote an email to Margo and told her that I wouldn’t be applying to any grad schools, I can’t even lift myself out of bed, we’re going to have to put everything on hold.  Probably the most amazing thing to come of that was an email from Margo who said, “If we can’t physically do anything, mentally we can prepare you.” She would send me TED talks, lectures and artists to look at.

Margo Sawyer and Adriana Corral in front of Momento, 2012 at the VAC.

Margo Sawyer and Adriana Corral in front of Campo Algodon Cuidad Juarez, 21 Febrero del 2007.

AB: That is incredible.

AC: I lived for those emails. My dreams of being an artist were not lost.

While I was recovering, I went to Austin to visit my sister and Margo told me that the one thing I had to do was go to the Blanton.

AB:  Really? 

AC: She said, “I think that this artist is going to inspire you.” That was in 2009 and that was when I first discovered Teresita Fernández’s work.

AB: That was the exhibition, Teresita Fernández: Blind Landscape (November 2009—January 2010)It was in the downstairs gallery, right?

AC: Yes. My sister said, “Well, we have to go see it.” And we went with my two nephews and I was shuffling around in my neck brace. I thought, “Who is this person? This is amazing!”

AB: Was that your first time at the Blanton?

AC: I think it was the first time.

AB: What most inspired you about the exhibition?

AC: I think it was the fact that she was a strong woman making work of this magnitude. Her use of materials blew me away!  It was just so hopeful for me. I felt like I could do it, that I had to keep fighting for this. And so for me, it was that moment of thinking, “yes, you have to apply to school. You need to get through this.”  I remember leaving the Blanton and just being floored.

Installation shot of exhibition Teresita Fernandez: Blind Landscape (November 2009-January 2010), photo by Rick Hall.

Installation shot of exhibition Teresita Fernández: Blind Landscape (November 2009-January 2010), photo by Rick Hall.

AB: So then there seems like it wasn’t even a question, you had to go to UT? 

AC: Of course I considered other schools; I wanted to go outside of Texas!  But when I applied to grad school, I decided that I wanted to work with someone who had already invested so much time in me. If Margo had a commitment like that, she was going to have a lifelong commitment to me.  She introduced me to other art faculty and grad students and told me about amazing resources on campus.

AB: You mentioned that you had family in Juarez and you would travel frequently back and forth.  Can you talk a little bit about your personal experience of living in El Paso and your relationship to Juarez?

AC: We would go to Juarez to eat, to be with family.  My father became a site selector for American companies looking for maquiladoras [factories] in Juarez and New Mexico. There were times when I would go with my father and he would show me what they were making in all of the maquiladoras. But the questions started to arise, “Well, what kind of conditions are these people in? What are they doing? Why do American companies have to go somewhere else to make something?” Being young and constantly asking these questions “Why? Why? Why?”  I think my dad wanted to say, “Why are you asking so many questions?”  (Laughter.)

Adriana Corral

Adriana Corral transferring the revered names of the women slain in Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico, for her installation at Artpace, San Antonio. Photo by Vincent Valdez.

AB: When did you begin focusing your work on violence against women and the femicidios (women murders) in Juarez?

I would constantly read about the slain women in the Diario or the El Paso Times and to me it was just unbelievable. It wasn’t just an issue in Mexico; I saw it as a universal issue. I was reading about what had and has happened to women in parts of Africa and Pakistan.  To me there weren’t these separations; it was the question of “Why is this happening, overall? Why are women targets weather it’s a drug war or a civil war?”  I kept seeing in the newspaper about what was happening in Juarez and I remember thinking, “Why aren’t people doing anything about it?”  I knew that it was a complex issue and yes there was some work being done about it, but I felt that there needed to be more awareness.

AB: It seems like this relationship between Juarez and El Paso is a vital part of your work.

AC: It is, it is extremely important.  I think that growing up next to another country is very important to consider. Even though El Paso and Juarez are considered sister cities, twin cities, there is still a division.  There is that line. I think that had a huge impact on me.

Why is Juarez one of the most dangerous cities in the world when El Paso is one of the safest cities in the nation?  That dichotomy, that juxtaposition, that really made me start questioning things.

Voices of the Lost

Adriana Corral, Quebrar el silencio [Break the Silence], performance, 2011. Four hundred and fifty one ceramic body bag tags.

AB:  In 2011 you performed Quebrar el silencio [Break the Silence] where you smashed approximately 451 clay tiles that you had specifically made to look like body bag tags with the names of the victims. What brought you to this work and how did you start doing performance art?

AC: I had first heard about one of Yoko Ono’s performances when I was in undergrad. It was where she was in a white–

AB: –Cut Piece?

AC: Yes, Cut Piece. And for me that was just the power behind that. For me, that was just amazing. The fact that she was left nude and in such a vulnerable state due to the actions of others.

AB: That is a really powerful work, also because she asked other people to cut her clothing off of her.

AC: Yes. They were using scissors to cut and just that closeness of a blade, something caressing you that is so threatening, right?   That really resonated with me.

At that point I had done Voces de las perdidas [Voices of the Lost] (2010) at Mexic-Arte in Austin.  For that installation I worked with a tile company based out of Dolores Hidalgo, Mexico.  They made me clay body bag tags from the soil collected from the site of the Campo Algodonero (cotton field) murders.  The tags are suspended from the ceiling.

Quebrar el silencio

Adriana Corral, Voces de las perdidas [Voices of the Lost], site-specific installation, 2010. Ceramic body bag tags, soil from crime site, dimensions vary.

[UT Professor] Teresa Hubbard was conducting critiques and she pulled me aside. I remember we were right in the middle of all of these hanging ceramic body bag tags—and she held one of the tags and she said, “You know, this piece is really quiet. Now, to go forward with this, what if something happens to these?  What if they’re not so silent anymore?  What if there is a break of some kind?” I thought, “This is great!” (Laughter) I thought, “What if I can work with this company again and they can make me more tags and I can break them?”  Literally breaking that silence.

AB: Could you describe the sound of the breaking tiles?

AC: When I first started to break them, you hear that loud crashing break and inadvertently, this circle started to form from all of the shards evenly cascading out into the space. As I continued, that circle started to close and it became harder to break those tiles. The sound became muffled.

The performance concludes after I have finished picking up all of the pieces of the broken tiles and put them back in the boxes that I received them in. I was thinking about how we have to be vocal about this but we need to be tactful in the way we address this.  It is the mothers, the fathers and family members who often have to clean up after these atrocities. Of course there was anger that came over me, but it was also about letting go of that anger and looking towards solutions and continuing to bring an awareness.

The other works I was creating were quiet.  They were more contemplative spaces, a way to mourn the loss of these women.  So this point for me was the breaking of the silence.  There is this fear too.  When you are vocal about these issues, things can happen.

AB: You mean you bring danger to yourself when you speak out?

AC: Yes, and I think about that. Look at what has happened and is currently happening to journalists. I try to be very strategic because you have to be cautious.  It is not only in Juarez. When you are vocal, you have to be very careful at the same time, because threats can accompany exercising rights.  This piece was really important in that I was trying to break that silence too.

AB: Would you ever want to perform Quebrar el silencio in Juarez or redo that performance in other locations? 

AC: Yes, yes and yes.  After I had done that performance, I really wanted to go back to Juarez and actually wanted to go back to the site where the eight young girls were found, regarding the Campo Algodonero case. But right at that time, you had the drug war in its prime. It would have been a great opportunity but not the right time.

AB: What are some of the questions your professors would ask you about your work?

AC: They would ask me questions about authenticity: Why are you doing this?  What is the importance of it? Think about how the universal is in the specificity.

My second year I met [former UT professor] Michael Ray Charles and I worked with him my last two years. He became another amazing mentor for me. He would sit with me and talk about writers or music. One day I was with Michael Ray and he said, “We need to listen to some music,” so he put on Jimi Hendrix’s The Star Spangled Banner. He said, “Listen to that. Do you feel that? Do you feel the intensity?” He had me put earphones on and said, “You got to listen to it really, really loud.”  We would listen to Billie Holiday, old blues! Gosh! Miles Davis and Thelonious Monk are some of my faves. And we would sit there and listen to this music and you would feel it in your gut. And he said, “You want your work to do that to your insides.” He was another one who pushed me.  No sugar coating. Always asking me “How can you propel this work further?” He was just so incredible to have and still have in my life.

AB: You mentioned to me earlier that you had a dream team of professors that you worked with during your time at UT.  Can you tell me a bit about them? 

AC: In the art department I worked closely with Beili Liu, Jeff Williams, Mike Smith, Amy Hauft, Michael Mogavero, Michael Ray Charles, Ann Johns, Jack Stoney, and Ken Hale.  I worked very closely with Ariel Dulitzsky from the law school and he introduced me to Luis Cárcamo-Huechante who was the lead in creating a human rights working group at the Rapoport Center. Ariel also put me in touch with Cecilia Balli, an anthropology professor at UT who has been working in Juarez for many years and Héctor Domínguez-Ruvalcaba from the Spanish and Portuguese department. I had so many supporters throughout campus. I should also mention Charlie Hale the LILAS director. He was great.

Adriana Corral

Adriana Corral installing Per legem terrae [By the Law of the Land] at Artpace, San Antonio, 2014. Photo by Vincent Valdez.

AB: It seems like you have had some significant mentors and advocates in your life. You met Amada Cruz, the director of Artpace in San Antonio and she has asked you to be a part of a group show.  Can you tell me a little more about the work you are currently installing, Per legem terrae [By the Law of the Land] and the process you go through when creating site-specific work?

AC: Amada has been an amazing advocate. It is a tremendous honor to be in this exhibition. Amy Hauft, Jeff and Margo really helped me greatly when it came to site-specific work.  They provided great readings and advised me to sit in the space. It is important to be aware of your environment, to be very considerate of the space, to study the architecture. At Artpace I would go and I sit in the space for periods at a time, then I photographed it, and I made mock ups of my ideas in the studio.  Then I would put it all into Photoshop to see the layout. I finalized some images and I took those to Amada and we had a discussion about the work.

I wanted to create a counter-monument. For this work I have created a rhombus (diamond) shape of the names of the women who have been murdered. Once the names were transferred to the wall, I obliterated, erased and blurred them. For me the obliterated text is commenting on the failure of a system that is not prosecuting these violent acts.

On the floor, mirroring that wall of names, I have installed a large rectangular shape made of half ashes and half soil. I obtained the soil from along the border.  I was thinking about this line that divides us, this unnatural line. And just because these atrocities are happening in our neighboring country doesn’t mean, like you said, that it doesn’t happen here or concern us. What happens in one place affects us all.

Invasive Species: Landscapes by Justin Boyd, Adriana Corral and Joey Fauerso” will be on view in the Artpace Hudson (Show)Room from September 11, 2014 through January 4, 2015.

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Play, Investigate, Interpret, and Explore: Outdoor Odysseys at the Blanton

Backpack for Outdoor Odysseys: Fountain Expedition

Backpack for Outdoor Odysseys: Fountain Expedition

About 10,000 K-12 students visit the Blanton Museum of Art each year, and for most, it’s their first trip to an art museum. Sometimes groups are so large that they cannot be accommodated for gallery lessons at the same time. In these cases, half of the students wait outside on the Blanton’s plaza, while the other half of the group explores the museum with gallery teachers and docents. After an hour, the groups switch. What do teachers and students do while waiting in this “plaza purgatory?” Typically they eat a sack lunch and then have free time to lounge and linger. Noticing this lag time got the Blanton’s education team asking: What can we do to make waiting more productive and engaging for young visitors? What if they learned about UT with the aid of a walking map? Could a scavenger hunt across campus help kids envision themselves as college students?

A design-thinking workshop was convened to figure out where a map could guide K-12 students and what they might do along the way. Meredith Word, the Blanton’s graphic designer, and education staff and interns trekked around campus putting themselves in the shoes of the average fifth grader. This small team of “design thinkers” came up with four distinctive activity maps that could each be completed within thirty minutes. The design-thinking team also decided that the activity maps should have the common feel of campus exploration and investigation. Each path would engage K-12 visitors with important aspects of campus life and get them curious about college.

Francesca Balboni and Sarah Abare

Francesca Balboni and Sarah Abare discuss
post-it comments during the design process

The ideas from this initial design-thinking session have evolved into a series of Outdoor Odysseys, which the Blanton will be launching this September. Each Outdoor Odyssey includes a map with activities; two backpacks containing supplies will also be available for groups to check out at the Blanton’s Visitor Services Desk (one per group). Outdoor Odyssey maps will include activities that can be accomplished with and without the backpacks. The maps, available for download on the Blanton’s K-12 webpage, highlight Landmarks (public sculptures around campus) and promote the development of looking skills.

Outdoor Odyssey: Go Green will be the first of the series available and focuses on green spaces adjacent to the Blanton Museum of Art. There are team-building games like Zip-Zap-Zop as well as classic field games like sculpture tag and keep-away Frisbee. Another game, Investigator, asks students to use magnifying glasses to make observational drawings and oil-based clay to create relief prints. Through these activities, participants are encouraged to play, investigate, interpret, and explore.

Francesca Balboni

Francesca Balboni jots down ideas for what will become Fountain Expedition

Next in the series will be Outdoor Odyssey: Longhorn Loop. While Outdoor Odyssey: Go Green concentrates on staying near the Blanton to engage in play, Outdoor Odyssey: Longhorn Loop walks in the steps of those who attend UT, taking K-12 students to Gregory Gym, the Darrell K Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium, and around the dorms at Jester Center. The accompanying Texas orange backpack includes compasses, binoculars, and sketching materials. The third and fourth installments of the Outdoor Odyssey series will be released in the spring— with Outdoor Odyssey: Library Lookout (a scavenger hunt) and Outdoor Odyssey: Fountain Expedition (a longer walk with a worthwhile payoff). Each of these four maps and backpacks will encourage teachers and students to view the UT campus in new and empowering ways. Curiosity is welcome, inside the galleries and outside.

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Austin’s Felines

At the beginning of our exhibition, In the Company of Cats and Dogs, we invited Austinites to submit photos of their kitties and pooches to be included in a slideshow alongside the works of art in the exhibit. The response was incredible, with over 450 submissions, underscoring how animal-friendly Austin is! Although we couldn’t include stories of the animals on the slideshow, we wanted to highlight a few that were submitted. Having already spotlighted some of Austin’s dogs, this installment focuses on two special cats in the Austin community, as described by their owners.

Novio

NovioIn my experience, orange male cats have always been the sweetest cats. They love to cuddle and I had always dreamed of adopting one, but my finicky older cat, Pipoca, always kept me from going for it. One day, I saw a little kitten tumble into the street (out of a car?) and I immediately adopted her and took her home. Tenten, the new kitten, was so sweet, and although Pipoca was annoyed with her, they were able to coexist, which gave me hope to add an orange kitten to our family.

Months later, still kitten obsessed, my boyfriend at the time, Jonny, took me to the animal shelter to “just look” and I fell in love with this tiny, 8 week old orange male kitten. The kitten was a little sick and underweight, and the counselor almost didn’t let us take him home that day, but we promised we would take good care of him.

Juliana and Novio after the proposal

Juliana and Novio after the proposal

While waiting for our adoption paperwork to be wrapped up we were thinking of names, and Jonny suggested Novio, which means boyfriend/fiance in Spanish. I agreed that it was a great name and that I wouldn’t mind calling my orange male dream cat mi Novio. We brought Novio home and Jonny started setting up a room for him to begin acclimating to a new home.

Next thing I know, Jonny is on his knee and presents to me Novio and asks me to marry him. Novio was carrying the engagement ring on his collar! I said yes.

A few months later, Jonny and I got married and now I feel like the luckiest woman to have gained a husband and kept my boyfriend!

- Juliana Castillo, Southeast Austin

Peeks

PeeksIn May 2011 Peeks was about 4 weeks old when a friend of mine, Barbara (who has 2 cats), was on the 183N feeder at the Oak Knoll light behind an SUV. When the light turned green, she noticed a tiny kitten that fell off the top of the SUV in front of her! She came to a dead stop right over the kitten that was scrambling underneath the car behind her, crawling up into the wheel well. Barbara got out of her car to look for the kitten but couldn’t see her. Luckily a homeless man at the corner was watching the whole thing and ran to the car, grabbed the kitten from the wheel well and gave it to Barbara. Barbara immediately called me because I had recently lost a cat about six months prior. She brought over this tiny, scared kitten and I was hooked.

PeeksAbout two years ago I gave Peeks to Stephanie, my daughter who needed a therapy pet after losing a very close friend in an auto accident. I get to visit Peeks often, and see she’s being loved and cared for beyond belief. Stephanie and Peeks are perfect for each other. Peeks is obsessed with hair bands and climbing to high places. Her nickname is hair bandit because no matter where you hide your soft hairbands (the $$ ones that look like elastic ribbons), she’ll find them! She loves to nap at the top of “cat castle” (a six foot tall cat tower). Stephanie is in her final year of college, and Peeks is the perfect roommate for her.

- Sharon Barrett, Hyde Park

In the Company of Cats and Dogs is on view through September 21, 2014.

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An Interview with Filmmaker Nancy Schiesari

Canine SoldiersOn Thursday, August 21 at 6:30PM, award-winning filmmaker and University of Texas professor Nancy Schiesari presents a sneak preview of her film-in-progress, Canine Soldiers, which tells the story of military working dogs and their relationships with their soldier handlers. Schiesari will speak about her experience researching and shooting the film, which documents the usage of dogs in the U.S. Army in recent military actions in Afghanistan, and will also screen excerpts. Adam Bennett, Manager of Public Programs at the Blanton, recently sat down with Schiesari to discuss the film.

When did you realize that this idea would translate into subject matter for a film?

I tend not to think in terms of narrative or individuals, but about the ideas behind a film. I learned about military working dogs in 2005 when I was working on Tattooed Under Fire [Schiesari’s most recent documentary] I heard that if a Military working Dog is caught and killed by the insurgency—they’ll have their ear cut off because the serial number of the dog is written there, and this proof can fetch up to $15,000 per dog. So that piqued my interest.

Canine SoldiersBut I was also thinking about how dogs are essential in these wars, in which two out of three American deaths are the result of improvised explosive devices—bombs hidden under the ground. Robots cannot detect them, but a dog can. So here we have another species leading our species through danger, almost like Saint Christopher leading us to safety. So that image of humans being led by another species stayed with me for a long time.

It’s incredibly humbling to think about humans depending on another species—it just shows us that we’re not top dog in everything on the planet, and how much we owe other animals. This is something that the biologists we’ve featured in the film talk about, that humans survived over time because of their cooperation with dogs. That we have evolved with dogs as a companion species over thousands of years brings us to this point where our survival in these wars depends on them.

And then I learned about the strong bond between the dog and the handler, which they need in order to function as a team, and that the bond is based on love and trust: the dog helps the handler because he or she wants to, they want to please the handler. So handlers have to keep this bond of love alive in a situation which is surrounded by death and danger, and where everybody else around them has a kill-or-be-killed mentality. The dog handler and the dog have a completely different relationship.

offlimitsWhen I started meeting dog handlers, I was so struck by the way they looked, they had a very different quality about them from regular soldiers. But then I learned that they all had been regular soldiers first. Every handler I talked to had first-hand experience in the infantry in Afghanistan or Iraq, had seen what bombs had done to their friends, and decided to go back and train as dog handlers, because they wanted to save lives. The handlers whole mentality is about saving lives—they have a saint-like quality. I don’t mean to idealize them, but they really have an extraordinary aura. That could be because they have to get into the sensory world of the dog in order to be a good dog handler, so they’re using their intelligence in a different way, outside of the military mindset where you do what you’re told.

That’s so interesting that you could detect that difference between the handlers and the non-handlers, even though these handlers are soldiers and used to serve in that very different role. 

caninesoldiersThey actually still have to carry a gun, and be able to defend themselves and shoot back if they’re in a firefight, so they’re still wearing two hats—handler and soldier.

There are a lot of people who object to dogs going to war. We have a volunteer army, so soldiers have a choice about whether to enlist or not, but dogs are bred to do this or are selected and don’t have a choice. So there’s a question of ethics about including dogs in human violence. The biologist Marc Bekoff talks in the full-length film about this; he’s very opposed to using animals in war.

Why did you make the choice to shoot in 3-D?

About three years ago, I was thinking about different ways to represent a dog’s perspective. So I thought: wouldn’t it be nice to shoot in 3-D to bring the audience into that world, which isn’t eye-level with human perspective but is further down and has a lot more movement. So it’s interesting to create a different sort of movement through space that we experience from a non-human perspective, not your typical point-of-view shot of a 6-foot person looking across a landscape.

I also felt that the war had been represented for the last ten years on television in two-dimensional, very flat images that are khaki- and sand-colored, and perhaps we had become numb to what the war was really like. So I wanted to try 3D to increase realism and the sensory experience of the film.

This event is hosted in conjunction with In the Company of Cats and Dogs, currently on view at the Blanton. For more information, visit our website.

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Five Ancient Andean Objects Not to Miss

The Blanton’s special exhibition Between Mountains and Sea: Arts of the Ancient Andes closes this Sunday, August 17. If you have only half an hour to peruse the show between now and then, here are five objects you shouldn’t overlook: 

Mantle Peru, south coast, Paracas culture,  c. 300-100 B.C. Camelid fiber 51 1/2 x 110 in. (130 x 279.4 cm) Dallas Museum of Art, The Eugene and Margaret McDermott Fund in Memory of John O'Boyle, 1972.4.McD

Mantle
Peru, south coast, Paracas culture,
c. 300-100 B.C.
Camelid fiber
51 1/2 x 110 in. (130 x 279.4 cm)
Dallas Museum of Art, The Eugene and Margaret McDermott Fund in Memory of John O’Boyle, 1972.4.McD

Paracas culture, 900–200 BCE
Mantle with birds (first gallery) 

Though it is displayed under low light to protect its natural dyes and fibers, the oldest and largest textile in Between Mountains and Sea is impossible to miss. This exquisite mantle from the Paracas culture consists of an embroidered checkerboard of squares in indigo and red that is densely populated with an intricate, stylized bird design–likely a representation of the majestic Andean condor. Mantles like this one were sometimes used to adorn the bodies of the dead, forming a “mummy bundle.” The incredible state of this textile owes in part to the extremely arid desert in which it was buried and to the alpaca or vicuña fibers from which it was woven, which are highly effective at retaining dye.

-800 CE Stirrup spout bottle of Supernatural Crab Being

Moche Culture, 100 -800 CE
Stirrup spout bottle of Supernatural Crab Being
Ceramic, slip paints
Collection of The University of Texas at Austin, courtesy
the Department of Art and Art History

Moche culture, 100–800 BCE
Stirrup spout bottle of Supernatural Crab Being (third gallery)

Peer into the mirror positioned behind this ceramic vessel to fully understand its enigmatic designation as a “Supernatural Crab Being.” The figure depicted on the bottle boasts a human face, a decorated shell for a back, both human and crab legs, and pincers for hands. Its feline headdress and protruding fangs connect it to a Moche deity known today as Wrinkle Face. Moche ceramicists often drew upon local fauna, particularly marine life, to depict supernatural beings in a highly narrative and naturalistic style. Though seemingly readable to the modern eye, such objects are embedded with religious and secular symbolism, much of which remains a mystery to archaeologists and historians.

Single spout bottle with Sicán Lord and two attendants

Sicán Culture, 750–1350 CE
Single spout bottle with Sicán Lord and two attendants
Ceramic
Collection of The University of Texas at Austin, courtesy the Department of Art and Art History

Sicán culture, 750–1350 CE
Single-spout bottle with Sicán Lord and two attendants (fourth gallery)

The Sicán culture is known in part for its advancements in metalwork, and blackware ceramics like this one reflect that interest. The bottle was made using a reduce-fire technique: during firing the amount of oxygen entering the kiln was limited, allowing smoke to darken the clay of the vessel. The surface was then burnished, or polished, to create a striking metallic sheen. The heads depicted on the bottle belong to the Sicán Lord, a mythical ruler, at center, and two attendants, who flank him on either side. 

Anthropomorphic Effigy (cuchimilco) Peru, Central Coast, Chancay culture, Late Intermediate Period  (900-1400 CE) ceramic, slip paints

Anthropomorphic Effigy (cuchimilco)
Peru, Central Coast, Chancay culture,
Late Intermediate Period
(900-1470 CE)
ceramic, slip paints, Collection of The University of Texas at Austin, courtesy the Department of Art and Art History

Chancay culture, 900–1470 CE
Anthropomorphic effigy (fourth gallery)

The Chancay produced some of the largest human-like figurines, known today as cuchimilcos, in the Andes. This figurine was likely made to accompany a funeral bundle and may have been dressed in textiles, which explains its undecorated nude torso. The holes along the head crest are typically associated with female figurines. Though technically crude, such effigies are visually appealing, with their outstretched arms, anatomical detail, and black painted decorations, which sometimes represent tattoos or have animal associations.

Sea Lion, Chimu Culture

Chimu? Culture, 900 –1470 CE
Stirrup spout bottle as sea lion
Ceramic,
Collection of The University of Texas at Austin, courtesy the Department of Art and Art History

Chimú culture, 900–1470 CE
Stirrup spout bottle as sea lion (final gallery)

Like the Moche culture that preceded them on the northern coast of what is now Peru, the Chimú demonstrated an affinity for naturalistic renderings of local marine life. This sea lion bottle is remarkable both for its elegant simplicity and the ceramicist’s sensitivity to detail, from the whiskers to the earflaps. North coast cultures like the Chimú placed symbolic importance on this sea mammal, which relied on the same marine resources as humans and was equally disrupted by the climatic changes brought on by El Niño events. 

Beth Shook is the Blanton’s Curatorial Research Associate for Latin American art.

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Volunteering at the Blanton

Huzefa Sakerwalla

Huzefa Sakerwalla standing next to the WorkLAB Satellites at the Blanton

As a UT student studying business and science, it made absolutely no sense for me to apply for an internship at the Blanton Museum of Art. Even after accepting the internship, I was still worried I would not be able to fit in the museum environment.  I am as far from artistic as you can get. I think paintbrushes are best used for cleaning dust. Oil painting is when I pour vegetable oil in a frying pan. The most artistic I get is tying my shoelaces every morning.

Yet two months after working there, it was nothing like I thought it would be. There were no upper class intellectuals discussing how Picasso’s brushstrokes at 35 degrees give a painting a guileless nature, or Edward Hopper’s sketch of a cat showed that he preferred Petco over Petsmart. There were just kind, sweet, down-to-earth staff members and volunteers who were focused on one thing: how to get everyone to enjoy the art.

UntitledAn art museum is a unique place to volunteer. The environment is serene and soothing. Stacked Waters, the immersive art installation within the museum’s atrium, and the architecture of the building promote tranquility. It’s a place built to calm you and isolate you from the busy outside world. People take their time and stroll around at their own leisure, quietly inhaling the beauty. There is hardly any sense of urgency. Naturally, the environment provokes creativity and thought. The mix of culture and color leaves you in a daze, with your head spinning as you move from one exhibit to the next. In one room you can be surrounded by Greek plasters and feel like throwing on a toga, and within a few steps you are in an ancient time period where you suspiciously check your shoes for sand. If you enjoy working with children, you can help at the stations that are set up for them to make their own art. Their creativity is contagious; just walking by, you feel like making something meaningful of your own. Even I managed to pick up some skills, using my free time to learn origami.

There are numerous places you can give your time to help the community: food banks, homeless shelters, hospitals. But at the Blanton Museum of Art you will find a place of peace and quiet that will help you learn about cultures and their art as well as yourself. If you get a chance to volunteer there, I recommend you take it because the museum and the art can make you a more colorful person.

Huzefa Sakerwalla is a student at UT studying business management and pre-med classes. He found the Blanton internship opportunity on the AccessUT web site for students and alumni and is working with Visitor Services helping to manage summer volunteers.

 

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Let’s Talk: Gallery Teaching and Conversations about Art

Villinski_Passage

Paul Villinski, Passage, 2011, Salvaged wood, found aluminum cans, wire, soot, and steel, Courtesy of the artist and Morgan Lehman Gallery.

It’s been almost a year, but I still remember how nervous I was on that morning last September when I led my first gallery visit for Art Central, the Blanton’s multi-visit education program developed in partnership with AISD. It felt like the butterflies from Paul Villinski’s Passage had invaded my stomach, bringing nausea and anxiousness with them. I had already finished a year of my M.A. program in Art History by the day of my first tour, so I was fairly confident in my ability to effectively present my ideas to a group of my peers, but Art Central is a program for fourth and fifth grade school groups. I was acutely aware that speaking to a group of nine year olds about art would be a much different exercise than doing the same with a class of art history graduate students.

My mind raced with terrifying thoughts:

“What if they think the art is boring?”
“What if they think I’m boring?”
“What if I ruin museums for them for the rest of their lives?”

I felt so much pressure to be a teacher, but at the same time, I was not entirely sure what it really meant to be a teacher in the art museum.

Despite my fears that first morning, I successfully led three groups of fifteen students each through the Blanton. My tours were far from flawless, but I made it through them and realized that while I had a great deal to learn about gallery teaching, I also had the ability and the desire to do so.

Each new tour that I gave was a learning experience and soon I began to develop a teaching philosophy based on the idea that teaching should not mean lecturing or knowing all the answers. Ray Williams, Director of Education at the Blanton, had emphasized this idea from my first day on the job, but I needed to have some tours under my belt before I was able to completely grasp the importance of speaking with my tour groups, not to them.

Matias Duville,

Matias Duville, Espiritú guardián, 2008, acrylic on board, Susman Collection, 2008.

The value of this approach to art museum education hit home for me during a discussion about the painting Espiritu guardian [Guardian Spirit] by Matias Duville. The work is quite large (91 in. x 144 in.) and striking in its chaotic composition, but I am ashamed to admit that before Andrea [Saenz Williams], educator and head of school and teacher programs at the Blanton, pointed out its potential for a gallery lesson, I had never really considered it carefully. Thankfully, at Andrea’s suggestion, I used it in my next tour and the discussion was nothing short of exciting. Not only were the students fascinated by the curious scene before them, they were also incredibly observant, wanting to make sense of the seemingly discordant parts of the painting. In our discussion, I found that the students were able to see things in the painting that I had never noticed. In other words, I was the teacher, but I was also the student.

Conversations like this one have taught me what I did not fully understand on that first day of teaching: When people are invited to share their observations about a work of art, they encourage others, including myself, to consider a different perspective, and more often than not, taking a different point of view results in finding something new and exciting. Effective teaching in the art museum means facilitating the visitor’s experience, not directing it.

Sarah teaching in the galleries

Sarah teaching in the galleries

Now, ten months after my first gallery lesson, I’ve led over 75 tours and though I still have a tremendous amount to learn about art museum education, I do feel confident enough in what I’ve already learned to leave you with a suggestion. The next time you find yourself with some free time, I encourage you to go to the Blanton with a few companions, walk upstairs, and stand in front of Espiritu Guardian and pose the following prompt: “Let’s take a moment to look at this work. Think about what you see and, after a minute of observation, let’s talk.”

I have a feeling you’ll learn something.

- Sarah Abare

Sarah worked as Graduate Teaching Fellow at the Blanton during the 2013-2014 school year.  She graduated with her Master’s in Art History from the University of Texas in May 2014 and will be starting as the Administrative Coordinator for the Education Department at the Blanton next month.

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George Gershwin In An Imaginary Concert Hall

Blanton volunteer Ray McLeod shares his research into one of the most popular works hanging in our galleries, David Alfaro Siqueiros’ portrait of musician George Gershwin, a painting on long-term loan from the Harry Ransom Center.

George Gershwin

David Alfaro Siqueiros, Portrait of George Gershwin in a Concert Hall, 1936, oil on canvas, 66 7/8 x 90 5/8 in., Long-term loan from the Harry Ransom Center, The University of Texas at Austin.

American composer George Gershwin went to Mexico in 1935 and met Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros. As Siqueiros and Gershwin got to know each other better, they realized how much they had in common.  For one thing, they both experienced a sensory phenomenon called synesthesia—when one type of sensation produces a stimulation of another.  When Gershwin viewed a Siqueiros painting, he heard sounds made by the colors, and when Siqueiros listened to a Gershwin melody, he could see colors produced by the music. On a visit to New York City, Siqueiros painted George’s portrait, now hanging in the Blanton Museum on loan from the Harry Ransom Center.  What was originally intended to be a simple portrait turned into a concert scene with members of Gershwin’s family and close friends depicted in the front rows, including Siqueiros.  Siqueiros also painted the frame, with the colors bleeding from the canvas onto the frame.  Along the bottom edge of the frame are small nameplates identifying the viewers who George wanted to be in attendance in the imaginary concert.

The Faces on the Left Side

photo 1

From the left, on the front row, are Siqueiros, Mabel Schirmer, Mr. and Mrs. Leo Godowsky, Jr., Gregory Zilboorg, Mrs. and Mr. Ira Gershwin, and Leo Godowsky.  On the second row, at the left-hand end is Oscar Levant, and the third person from the left is Harry Botkin.  All were important figures in George Gershwin’s life for various reasons.   David Siqueiros, known for painting murals with social themes, developed a personal commitment to protecting the rights of the oppressed.  A member of the Communist Party, in 1938 he went to Spain to join the Republican Army and fight Francisco Franco.  Two years later he was arrested in Mexico for an attempted assassination of Leon Trotsky, a Russian Marxist who was a guest of Diego Rivera’s. In 1951 Siqueiros won second prize for foreign artists at the 25th Venice Biennial, and in 1967 he was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize. Next to Siquieros is Mabel Schirmer, of the G. Schirmer sheet music printing business, who helped George buy taxi horns like those he had heard in Paris and then used in composing “An American in Paris.” Leopold Godowsky, an inventor of such products as Kodachrome film was also a gifted pianist, composer and teacher, known as “a pianist for pianists.”   Dr. Gregory Zilboorg was a psychoanalyst whose patients included Kay Swift, Lillian Hellman, Marshall Field, and George Gershwin.  Ira Gershwin is famous for collaborating with his younger brother to write some of the most popular Broadway music, including “Embraceable You.”  Ira was the lyricist and George was the composer.  Oscar Levant, another famous musician and composer is represented in the painting along with George’s cousin Henry Botkin, the person who suggested that George contact Mexican painters when he went to Mexico in 1935.

The Faces on the Right Side

photo 2

Across the aisle are Gershwin’s parents Mr. and Mrs. Morris Gershwin, George’s older brother Arthur, Mrs. and Mr. Louis M. Paley, Kay Swift, and William Merrigan Daly. Mr. and Mrs. Morris Gershwin, were originally from St. Petersburg, Russia and immigrated to the United States in the late 19th century. They bought a used piano for eldest son Ira’s practice but George, at age twelve, couldn’t resist playing it. Arthur Gershwin, George’s brother, was not a musician and would introduce himself as the “unknown Gershwin.”  Mr. and Mrs. Louis M. Paley were both Gershwin supporters. She was the Gershwin boys’ younger sister and gave George the novel Porgy, which stimulated him to compose the opera Porgy and Bess.  Her husband, Lou Paley, was a lyricist who collaborated with both George and Ira during their early careers.

Kay Swift and George Gershwin 

Kay Swift was the most important woman in George’s life other than his mother.  George and Kay were romantically involved for about ten years. Kay made her own name in show business, being the first woman to score a complete musical.  She also wrote the music for “Can’t We Be Friends?” and “Can This Be Love?”  Proof that she was directly involved with George’s work appears in the form of her handwriting on some of his music, including Porgy and BessWilliam Merrigan Daly was a composer who helped George on many projects, including Concerto in F, possibly the music that George played in the concert that Siqueiros painted.  Max Dreyfus, a music publisher, hired George in 1918 to write songs.  The pay was $35 a week.  His first hit was “Swanee,” which became an Al Jolson standard.

A few years after the painting was complete, George began having dizzy spells and headaches.  He had an operation for a brain tumor but died the next day on July 11, 1937 at the age of 38. After his death, George received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Song, “They Can’t Take That Away From Me,” which he had composed with Ira.  The Congressional Gold Medal was awarded to both George and Ira in 1985. The only other songwriters to be so recognized were George M. Cohan, Irving Berlin, and Harry Chapin. Gershwin’s legacy lives on in both his music, and through Siqueiros’ portrait.

Ray McLeod, Blanton Museum of Art Volunteer

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Artist Claude van Lingen on Art of the Moment

Austin Artist of the Year and Blanton volunteer Claude van Lingen traces how artists have been influenced by the ideologies and technologies of their time from the Impressionism to Contemporary art movements.

“Call that art?” “My child can do better!”

Exclamations such as these have reverberated ever since the Impressionists first exhibited their work.

Frederic Emile Jean Baptiste Ragot

Frederic Emile Jean Baptiste Ragot, French Landscape, not dated, oil on canvas, Gift of Latane Temple, 1985.

The question is often, “Why do artists create strange work?” The answer: adventurous artists do not work in an accepted style but develop new ideas within the philosophy and zeitgeist of the times in which they live, a concept—central to the creative process—that is not stressed in most books or classrooms.

Impressionism came about because of changed thinking inspired by the French and Industrial Revolutions, technological innovations such as the camera, train travel, and paint tubes, and new ideas about light and color. The Impressionists revolted against the rules of the Academy (a national organization that controlled the art world) and wished to paint daily life with the speed of the camera rather than subjects, such as ancient Greek myths, that were favored by the Academy. Critics and the public alike ridiculed their subject matter and use of brilliant color and quick, visible brush strokes—an attitude difficult to comprehend today.

Max Weber

Max Weber, New York at Night, 1915, oil on canvas, Gift of Mari and James A. Michener, 1991.

Around the beginning of the 20th century, inventions such as flight, the automobile, the electric light bulb, the X ray, telephone, radio, movies, the elevator, and Einstein’s Theory of Relativity changed the concept of space and time for everyone. In keeping with these new technologies, and in contrast to photographs and perspective renderings (the representation of objects from a single point of view at a single moment in time) the Cubists painted objects seen from different points of view at different moments in time. This method comes naturally to art created by children and to all cultures before the discovery of the rules of perspective during the Renaissance. In contrast to the perspective-type vision of the right brain, it is the way in which the left brain perceives reality. As Picasso said, “I draw what I know, not what I see.”

Theosophy (with its teaching that all major religions have at their core the same basic beliefs and that their different offshoots added details to suit their needs) led artist Piet Mondrian to remove all recognizable details from his work and search for the core truths in art. Although ridiculed at the time, Mondrian’s ideas permeate our lives to this day. His influence can be seen in modern architecture, furniture, and interior and graphic design.

Joan Mitchell

Joan Mitchell, Rock Bottom, 1960-61, oil on canvas, Gift of Mari and James A. Michener, 1991.

In the WWI era, artists reacted against the war by forming the anti-establishment Dada movement. Freud’s ideas about the subconscious were the source for Surrealism. Dada and Surrealism’s ideas about chance and the subconscious, combined with post WWII Existentialism, underlay Abstract Expressionism. In turn, the products of our consumerist society became the “landscape” within which Pop Art flourished.

Today, for many reasons, individuality is paramount. Therefore, contemporary artists find something to say or do and use or develop the means most appropriate for communicating their ideas, whether those means be sharks, digital media, army tanks, blood, bottle tops—whatever.

The lesson is this: to begin to understand what any artwork is about, one has to research the philosophy of the times and delve into the artist’s background to discover what he or she is trying to communicate—even if it’s a realistic still-life painting. Understanding contemporary art is not always easy, even for those who are well versed in the history of art, but it can always be interesting.

- Claude van Lingen, Blanton Volunteer and Austin Artist of the Year

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Curiosity Unbound: Docent Training at the Blanton

Storytime tour at the Blanton

Luz Marie joined the Blanton Docent Program in September 2013, and now regularly leads school groups and Spanish/bi-lingual guided visits in the galleries. Here, she leads Storytime in the summer’s special exhibition, In the Company of Cats and Dogs. (Photo by Jerri Starbuck, 2014.)

Annually, hundreds of groups comprised of K-12 schools, community organizations, and university classes visit the Blanton. We hope these visitors come with a measure of curiosity and a desire to explore, and we expect them to leave changed in some way, perhaps possessing a better understanding of themselves and others, inspired by the limitless possibilities of human creativity on view in the galleries. This thirst for exploration is nurtured by the Blanton’s volunteer docents, a fantastic group which includes artists, educators, business professionals, students, faculty members, mothers, fathers—women and men representing the surrounding, vibrant Austin city area. Here at the Blanton, docents are teachers who generously give of their time to help visitors enjoy a meaningful experience, and the galleries are classrooms, where each work of art has the potential show us something new about the world, each other, and ourselves.

Throughout the academic year, Blanton docents participate in continuous training to prepare them for working with the broad range of groups who visit the museum. Between one and two sessions are scheduled monthly, covering topics such as teaching methods for school groups, led by our Museum Educator for K12 Audiences Andrea Saenz Williams, and special exhibition training for new shows at the museum, such as In the Company of Cats and Dogs, led on June 23rd by curator Francesca Consagra and graduate intern Douglas Cushing. In keeping with the model we promote for group visitors—that the best learning happens in front of the works of art—we host as many of our training sessions in the galleries as possible.

To give us a more personal insight into the process of docent training at the Blanton, Iris Cahill, Coordinator of Docents and Tours, asked three of our newest docents who recently underwent a rigorous year of preparation between September 2013 and May 2014 to share some of their thoughts.

Jeannie, Blanton DocentJeannie:

One of my goals in retirement was to be a Blanton docent so I could combine my passion for teaching with my love of art.  However, just because I’m a teacher by training and I love art didn’t immediately change me in to a docent who could conduct a tour.  That took the Blanton’s talented education staff.  Our training, which is ongoing, is interesting and always thought provoking.  My favorite training takes place in the galleries where we can sit in front of a work and drink it in. We learn about the art itself while also exploring techniques that teach us and our audiences to look deeply, responding to the art without demanding a specific answer.  Because of these techniques, my viewing of art has changed, becoming deeper and more rewarding for me, and I try to pass that along to the groups I take on tours.

I give tours to all age groups.  My favorites are the school children because they tend to ask more questions than adults.  This summer I’ve done Storytime with younger children, which is an interesting challenge because the books that are used have to be loosely matched to a work of art.  The big thing I’ve learned while working with younger children is they are quite accepting of abstract art and love to look at the colors and brushstrokes in the paintings.  Each tour, no matter what age, is always different, many times rewarding and usually fun.

Rosie, Blanton DocentRosie:

I love art.  I enjoy the docent program because of the opportunity it affords me to interact with others surrounding works of art. I am most appreciative of the opportunity to glean knowledge from the tours that are led by the curators at the Blanton Museum.  Initially, my most memorable experience and favored exhibition was Lifelike.  Now, my favorite has changed.  It changed because of the tour of In the Company of Cats and Dogs.  This training session, led by curator Francesca Consagra, was exceptional and most memorable.  She uses a beautiful technique that lulls you while she is speaking.  Her narrative gives you the sensation that she is caressing the works as she engages and interacts with the audience while discussing a selected piece of art. After she moves to another piece of art, I am left savoring the prior discussion while I attempt to absorb all of the information that she has provided. I am sure that I am not the only trainee who longs to mature to the level of Francesca in discussing art.

The group training sessions are an asset to the program. I am particularly fond of the in-gallery sessions because they are fun and thought provoking.  I very much enjoy the research pursuit while preparing for a tour as well as completing the tour outline.  I feel a sense of accomplishment when I lead a successful tour, and I appreciate the support, the understanding, and the availability of the managers and of the directors for this program during our training challenges.  It is hard to believe that in September, we will have participated in this program for one year. I am so proud that many of us have led many tours.  We appreciate that the management have enough faith in us to allow us to transition through our own metamorphosis.

Michele:

It seemed only natural for me to be interested in becoming a docent. I enjoy people and love art. I was delighted when I was selected to be in the 2013 training program at the Blanton.

The training involves learning about the collection from the knowledgeable curators. We regularly have great lectures about various works of art in the collection and from special exhibits. We each do our own research from the resource room organized just for docents. This room is full of books and papers written by curators and past docents about the works owned by the Blanton.

The education staff has taught us many things, one of them is how to address groups of adults and children using current techniques, like visual thinking skills. It has been really fulfilling to engage the children in a conversation about art using this technique. I was amazed at how many school groups and summer programs tour the Blanton.

There is great support from the experienced docents and we newbies help each other when we can.  I always look forward to my assignments and training sessions. This has been a wonderful experience for me.

For more information on the Blanton docent program or to schedule a guided visit, please contact tours@blantonmuseum.org.

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Branding Between Mountains and Sea: Arts of the Ancient Andes

The first encounter visitors have with Blanton exhibitions often occurs well before our shows even open. For each exhibition, a look or “graphic identity” is developed to help set the tone of what visitors will find in the galleries. Used on our website, on signage on the side of our building and around Austin, in advertisements, and elsewhere, the graphic identity provides context for each presentation and is an important component for engaging our audiences. How are these graphic identities created? Blanton Graphic Designer Meredith Word explains the process:

Between Mountains and SeaEvery new exhibition at the Blanton brings with it the welcome challenge of designing a graphic identity to help brand the exhibition and convey the scope of the artworks included. Each logotype has to be able to function across multiple platforms: for promotional purposes in print collateral, web ads, and signage, and internally as the primary component of the gallery graphics.

My standard approach begins with an overview of the object checklist to get a sense of the tone of the collection of work. Next I delve into a little historical research, looking for any hints of typographic style. I am a sucker for typography and can spend an irrational amount of time admiring and drawing inspiration from fonts, logos, packaging, hand-painted signs, menus, movie credits, you name it. Needless to say, given that no written language existed in the Andes until after the Spanish conquest in 1532 there was not much to draw from typographically for Between Mountains and Sea. But the abundance of stylistic elements exemplified in these artifacts and the mammoth geoglyphs known as the Nazca lines pointed to block-style lettering, primitive but precise. Kimberley Black, a free font available on dafont.com, ended up working surprisingly well despite the fact that it was based on corporate/industrial logotypes from the 1970s–although maybe that makes it an appropriate fit for an ancient culture renowned for their technological achievements!

Andes title graphicsFrom the outset I imagined some kind of geometric icon needed to be incorporated into the design. Guest curator Dr. Kimberly Jones suggested using a step and volute, which functioned as an iconic element for the North coast of Peru and is believed to symbolize the intrinsic connection between the mountains and sea—the perfect symbol to illustrate the title of the exhibition. Usually comprised of three ‘steps’ that culminate in a scroll or ‘volute’ which curls back over the top step, the icon appears in various configurations painted on ceramics and woven into textiles by the Moche and Chimu. Using various examples as a template I refined the step and volute to reflect characteristics of the type, and inserted it as bookends to the subtitle. Finally, taking into consideration the limited but rich palette of earthy reds, yellows, and oranges, a color palette was chosen to enhance the logotype and complement the objects on view in the exhibition.

We invite you to see how Meredith’s designs augment this special exhibition by visiting Between Mountains and Sea: Arts of the Ancient Andes, on view through August 17.

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Austin’s Cats and Dogs

As part of our new exhibition, In the Company of Cats and Dogs, we invited Austinites to submit photos of their kitties and pooches to be included in a slideshow alongside the works of art in the exhibit. The response has been incredible, with over 150 submissions to date, underscoring how animal-friendly Austin is! Although we couldn’t include stories of the animals on the slideshow, we wanted to highlight a few that were submitted. For this installment of the blog, we will focus on dogs, but a blog dedicated to cat stories we’ve received will be coming up soon!

BorrisThis is Boris, who was found nine years ago, living on the streets in downtown Austin. He had heart worms and a bad skin condition when I found him, so it took about 3-4 months to nurse him back to health, then we spent about a year training and getting ready for therapy dog work. I’ve had him over nine years, and he’s still going strong. He’s one of the mellowest Chihuahuas ever. This photo, taken in his Bouldin Creek neighborhood, shows that he still has undeniable street cred. - Joyce Bertolacini

CassidyThis is a picture of “Hop a Long” Cassidy, my beloved, magical, 3 legged wonderdog.  She lives in South Austin with my wife, Amy Davis, and me, in the Western Trails neighborhood.  She’s slowing down a bit in her old age, but she’s a courageous dog who loves to play and swim and go for walks on the greenbelt, despite having to put in a little extra effort because of the missing front leg. – Jason Steans

Photo by Oscar Ricardo Silva

Photo by Oscar Ricardo Silva

This photo is of my husband, Joel Chapman, our chocolate lab, Muddy, and our German Shepherd, Reba. It was taken by our friend Oscar Ricardo Silva in 2011 at Red Bud Isle. About a week before this photo was taken, we’d learned that Muddy had cancer, and it had metastasized. So Oscar, who IS NOT a morning person, met us at Red Bed at 7:00 on Labor Day to do photos with us. This is one of my very favorite photos for so many reasons, but mostly because how I remember how much we all loved one another, and Oscar captured that. – Erin Randall

BrunoOur 1-year old Viszla, Bruno (yes, Mars) loves to chase model airplanes in Zilker park, play keep-away, and generally be adorable :-)  - Britt Menendez

Want your cat or dog to be part of this slideshow? Email catsanddogs@blantonmuseum.org with a photo of your kitty or pooch (include yourself, if you want) along with your pet’s name and neighborhood or hometown. High-res files preferred, but cell phone photos work, too! The slideshow is updated weekly, so keep checking back throughout the exhibition to see your pet!

In the Company of Cats and Dogs is on view through September 21, 2014.

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An Interview with Peter Stopschinski, curator of Beat the Rush

Composer and musician Peter Stopschinski is the current curator of Beat the Rush, the Blanton’s innovative monthly music series held as part of Third Thursday programming. In a recent interview with Adam Bennett, the museum’s manager of public programs, Peter discussed his ideas for the series and his interests in art and music:

Peter Stopschinski. Photo courtesy of the artist.

Peter Stopschinski. Photo courtesy of the artist.

Q: What are you looking for when you select performers for Beat the Rush?

A: I’m trying to find a wide variety of musicians and music to present that reflects the diversity of art in the museum as well as the diversity of music and musicians in Austin.  Within this eclectic mix I’m looking for musicians that are inspired by extra-musical ideas: cinema, art, poetry, performance.  Many musicians play music but there is a smaller sub-category of musicians to which music plays a central role, but is not the entire story of their creative impetus.

This fall we will present a world premiere harp concerto, the scathing and twisted blues-rock of Churchwood, the cinematic instrumental music of Justin Sherburn (who is the pianist in Okkervil River), choral wonders from Convergence and Texas Choral Consort. Also the striking sounds of Line Upon Line percussion.

Q: Who else are you looking forward to hearing at the Blanton?

I invited Datri Bean, who’s the leader of Minor Mishap Marching Band, to play some of her solo work. Minor Mishap is inspired by New Orleans and Balkan brass bands, but they really shred and create events rather than just concerts. Datri has a million other musical outlets which get less attention than the Minor Mishap explosions of costume and raucous music, so I can’t wait to see what she has in store for us! And I am always happy to see what my friend Graham Reynolds is up to.  Guaranteed it will be exciting and beautiful and his knowledge and relationship with visual art is incomparable.  I could keep going.  I really can’t wait to see all of these shows.  I chose them all so it’s the perfect series for me!

Q: You’re premiering your harp concerto this month at the Blanton. I know it’s written for a larger ensemble, so how is it going to be different during Beat the Rush?

A: It went through several different versions to get to this point.  It was initially conceived as a string quartet with piano and electronics and premiered by the Tosca String Quartet at a Golden Hornet Project show at Lamberts here in Austin.  Next I created a solo piano version to perform by myself.  Then I took the slow movement and built an entire five-movement symphony that premiered alongside Graham Reynolds’ Difference Engine Triple Concerto and Jonny Greenwood’s Popcorn Superhet Receiver. This was at a Golden Hornet Project concert which won the Austin Critic’s Table award for Best Symphonic Performance in 2012.

Elaine Barber, Harpist

Elaine Barber, Harpist

So it was in this symphonic version of the piece, which was then titled Rough Night with Happy Ending that I first introduced the harp.  Elaine Barber, harpist from the Austin Symphony, agreed to play the part and at the concert we decided to put her in the front of the orchestra instead of behind the strings which is where the harp usually lives.  Up to this point the harp played a supporting role but by physically putting her in front of the orchestra I began to see how the harp was really the spirit of the piece. Then last year Elaine submitted Rough Night to the American Harp Society who agreed to feature the piece at this year’s American Harp Society Orchestra Gala Night in New Orleans and Elaine and I began to really beef up the harp part and create an entirely new version of this music in which the harp played the lead role.  As we worked on this Harp Concerto with Orchestra we also created a version for piano and harp that we could perform as a duo.

Q: I love hearing about how many different permutations a single piece can have. I know that piece on your last album (Now Would Be a Good Time) and can’t imagine how it will sound for only harp and piano. One last question: what’s your favorite style of art?

Dallas Chaos II

Peter Dean, Dallas Chaos II, 1982, oil on canvas, Gift of Lorraine Dean and Gregory Dean, 1994.

My taste in visual art varies; there’s no one style or artist that I love above all the others. I have a special attraction to Bosch and Dali. I was never a huge fan of Picasso and I always wondered why. The most “blown away” I’ve ever been by a painting was a Chuck Close self portrait. At the Blanton I am continually impressed by Luis Jiménez’s Border Crossing, the crazy painting of Jack Ruby and Lee Harvey Oswald [Peter Dean's Dallas Chaos II], and I’ve recently found myself loving the non-conformity of the medieval stuff in the permanent collection.

Peter Stopschinski performs at Beat the Rush tonight at the Blanton at 5:30 PM.

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Francesca Consagra on In the Company of Cats and Dogs

Hiroaki

Takahashi Hiroaki (Shotei), Published by Fusui Gabo,
Cat Prowling Around a Staked Tomato Plant, 1931
Woodblock print, The Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Gift of Stephanie Hamilton in memory of Leslie A. Hamilton

To introduce our new exhibition,  In the Company of Cats and Dogs, curator Francesca Consagra shares a preview of the show and what visitors can expect to encounter.

This week, our exhibition In the Company of Cats and Dogs opens and it provides a wonderful opportunity: the enjoyment of looking at amazing works of art depicting cats and dogs by such important artists as Louise Bourgeois, Pieter Brueghel, Albrecht Durer, Paul Gauguin, Francisco Goya, Edward Hopper, Jacob Lawrence, Pablo Picasso, Jan Weenix, and Andrew Wyeth. Also on display are beautiful works from Ancient Egypt, third-century China and Mexico, and some of YouTube’s most popular cat videos. That is a surprising mix, no? It is because we want to explore the profoundly different ways that people have perceived and interacted with cats and dogs, and how these attitudes have changed over time.

As the curator of the exhibition, I encourage you to look closely at the art, to read the labels and wall texts, and to listen to the audio guide in the hopes that you will begin to think more about the roles that cats and dogs play in your own life and culture.  We collaborated with faculty and students at the University of Texas at Austin, who study the interactions between human and non-human animals. The exhibition’s wall texts, audio guide, and labels discuss a wide range of topics, including the psychological, cultural, and biological underpinnings of human attachments to cats and dogs, to which the artists themselves may have been responding.

David Bates

David Bates, The Whittler, 1983, Oil on canvas, Michener Acquisitions Fund, 1983.

Some works in the exhibition, for instance, demonstrate anthropomorphism, the desire to give human form and characteristics to objects and animals. They also reveal a tendency to associate cats with women and dogs with men, and the inclination to connect these two animals with the beginning and the end of human life. We discuss how the rise of Christianity ushered in an era of unusual suspicion and the maltreatment of cats and dogs up until the thirteenth century.  Then, dogs began to be rendered more as loyal companions, healers, and signifiers of a person’s high moral and social status. Cats, on the other hand, remained mostly symbols of evil, cruelty, and sin in European art well into the eighteenth century. We also consider how the empathy-governing hormone oxytocin is produced in response to contact with our companion animals. When you pet your dog, a recent study concluded, both human and animal oxytocin levels increase, and numerous works in the exhibition offer a glimpse into the empathy and affection that the artists themselves felt for their cats and dogs.

Near the end of the exhibition, you will find a resource room organized by Ray Williams, Director of Education and Academic Affairs. This room features a slideshow of Austin’s pets, children’s books, and other readings that may help you think about pet ownership and care. The Blanton has also organized some great events, so keep an eye on the museum’s Facebook and Twitter pages for announcements throughout the summer.

We look forward to seeing you soon!

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We love our Members!

Membership Appreciation MonthWith free admission, member-only tours and events, and exclusive previews of new exhibitions, membership at the Blanton offers some of the finest cultural experiences in Austin! While we love all our visitors, June is Member Appreciation Month at the museum: a time when we extend a special thank you to all of our members for their generous support and friendship! To celebrate, we’re offering extra special member perks all month long.

Are you looking for an enjoyable evening out?  Come to B scene: Blue Hawaii on Friday, June 20.  Guests will dance to the hot tunes of Dalevis (Dale Watson’s Elvis-inspired alter ego), enjoy a cash bar with specialty cocktails, snack on yummy bites like Elvis’ favorite peanut butter, banana, and bacon sandwich, and much more! And Blanton Members will have extra special perks at the event, including an exclusive outdoor member lounge, complete with special seating, light bites, a private cash bar, and an art activity just for them.  Plus, B scene is now always free for members!

Members at the BlantonDo you have kids or grandkids that are looking for fun, creative activities in a cool setting?  Join a Storytime Tour or stop by the WorkLAB, the museum’s open studio ensured to inspire all art enthusiasts.  We’re also showing several family-friendly movies in the auditorium this summer.

Want to learn more about the art on view at the museum? While we offer weekly tours, members can beat the crowds and take part in a Member Tour of the new summer exhibition, In the Company of Cats and Dogs.  Organized by the Blanton, this exhibition takes a multifaceted look at our relationship with felines and canines through the ages.

Have company visiting this summer?  The Blanton is a perfect place to beat the heat! Members enjoy special Friends and Family Fridays, where they’re invited to bring unlimited additional guests for free general admission every Friday in June.

Blanton MembershipAll of these activities are free for Blanton members.  For a complete list of programs and events be sure to look at the Summer Calendar of Events for dates, times, and descriptions.

Not a member yet… but want to be one?  You are in luck.  We have a special, limited-time offer going on right now.  Joining is easy!

Thank you, again, members, for all you do to support the Blanton.

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WorkLAB Satellites: An Interview with Artist Leslie Mutchler

To further its efforts to serve as a hub for inspiration and site for creativity, the Blanton has commissioned artist Leslie Mutchler to create new works of art to be used as creativity stations within the museum. Titled WorkLAB Satellites,the 40 x 90 inch mobile and flatpack workstations will supplement the Blanton’s WorkLab program—a series of open studio experiences offered to children and their families each summer.

Photo by Deborah Cannon for Austin360

Leslie Mutchler in front of the WorkLAB Satellites. Photo by Deborah Cannon for Austin360

Cut from birch plywood on a CNC router, each of the workstations is designed to be configured and reconfigured in a multitude of ways; changing the look of the work environment in conjunction with new projects. Window-like openings will enable visitors of all ages to engage in conversation as they create.  The stations will be stocked with everyday materials such as tape, paper, pencils, stencils and chipboard. Simple directives in English and Spanish will offer instruction for creating paper sculpture, collage and weaving, among other projects.

To introduce the project, we sat down with Leslie to interview her about her creative process and how WorkLAB Satellites came to be.

How did the idea for these creativity stations originate? What drew you to collaborating with the Blanton on this project?

For the last six years, my work has become more and more participatory. I installed a project titled tumblrEAL at Gensler Global Architecture in Austin in the spring of 2012. The project consisted of cardboard (temporary) furniture (shelving, sawhorses, and wall frames) that housed a large assortment of digitally printed images sourced from my personal tumblr site. I installed the project as a way to give the architects at Gensler (sitting behind computers and surrounded by gray cubicles) something visually striking to look at and also something to physically engage in. All of the prints were hole punched and could be easy moved from one location to another, providing endless ways in which an interested viewer could sort through and curate visual information. This level of participation has been increasingly more important in my work in the last few years as I am invested in collaboration and the notion of flux within my work. In late 2012 I developed TrendFACTORY as a production-based participatory project, in which I ask the audience to make three-dimensional forms from printed and pre-scored chipboard using limited materials and tools. I provide the maker with simple instructions and ask that the final object be documented (by the use of a smartphone or camera) and uploaded to an online archive.

Ray Williams, Director of Education and Academic Affairs at the Blanton Museum, approached me in the late spring of 2013, after he had seen TrendFACTORY at the Visual Art Center on UT Campus. He and I talked at length about the project, our interests in creating a work space for people to make and share with one another, and thus he asked me if I was interested in proposing a similar project to the Blanton, but on a larger scale. I was thrilled to engage in such a challenge- and we were off and running.

Can you explain the significance of the name “WorkLAB Satellites?” What do you hope to connote with this title?

I think there is a common misconception that an artist spends time in their studio messing around in hopes that something good might come from the time spent. While play is an important aspect of the artist’s studio practice more important is the notion of work. When I go to my studio, I work. I read, I research, I study materials and processes, I calculate and imagine outcomes and most importantly I work hard to design and create installations or projects that will invite a particular response and read from my viewer. In short- working in my studio is work. It’s the work that I’m most happy to engage in, but it’s work none-the-less. The word “lab” is in reference to the idea of the laboratory- or a place where experimentation and play takes place.

The word “satellites” references the modularity and ever-changing composition and make-up of the work environment. WorkLAB Satellites can be installed and deinstalled quickly; it can change formation; house different materials and processes; and is in constant dialogue with the Blanton’s permanent hands-on studio for making, WorkLAB.

Photo by Deborah Cannon for Austin360

The WorkLAB Satellites installed at the Blanton. Photo by Deborah Cannon for Austin360

Why are these artworks designed to be interactive, and what do you hope participants will get out of the experience?

It is my hope that through these guided projects, making use of simple but rich materials and processes, the user can experience a high-level of engagement with the making of a creative work. I believe a person, regardless of familiarity with the art world, can bring a wide range of aesthetic and cultural knowledge to their creative work practice. Essentially, they put themselves into that thing. This too is what artists do; it’s why we become so attached to the things that we make. As artists we know that work starts with an idea (whether that be small or grand). One can imagine and perhaps see it in their mind, but ultimately the thing that they are making/ writing/ composing never ends up looking like what was imagined. This, I think, is the lynchpin of creative practice; learning to see and appreciate results that might not have been planned. I want to give that experience to a person (a non-maker/ non-artist) so that they might find a new appreciation for the trials and tribulations of the creative practice.

The IKEA effect, coined by Associate Professor, Michael Norton at the Harvard Business School, is a study that proves the increase of valuation for handmade products. This psychological phenomenon essentially tells us that our labor leads to love. People that make an object with their hands (from baked goods to IKEA furniture) are inclined to be more attracted to their results as opposed to those results stemming from external efforts. By giving an individual materials and guidelines for making I am empowering that person to find value in using their hands.

What role does social media play in the artwork? What is the importance of documenting the work, and how do you achieve that in your directions?

The photos I ask the maker to take and upload exist as a way to document what happens in the work space. The online archive serves as a way for people to revisit that experience of making and for people from around the world to view that experience without actually having to be there or participate. The archive also serves a cross-section of the cyclical nature of aesthetics and a look into the current hand skills of the public.

We are surrounded by social media in all other aspects of our lives. We document experiences, travel, events and moments and send it out into the world for instant gratification. Why shouldn’t we want the same from our creative endeavors and struggles. It’s my belief that social media, while primarily is a social tool, also facilitates learning and investigation. We research, seek and engage with like- minded people and projects, and we seek to connect to a larger world to achieve greatness.

WorkLab Satellites is made possible by a grant from Texas Women for the Arts.

tx

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Summer Midday Music Series at the Blanton

To kick off our summer Midday Music Series, Kress Interpretive Fellow Natalie Zeldin provides a look at what to expect from this monthly musical event.

Picture the scene: It’s a Tuesday afternoon and you’re about to whip out the Tupperware for lunch at your desk. Why not try something more refreshing this week? At noon on the last Tuesday of each month, the Midday Music Series offers an opportunity for you to break away from the thick of the grind. Treat yourself to an uplifting encounter with music and art instead.

Midday Music Series

Photo: Ashley Stanford

The Blanton’s Midday Music Series features diverse one-hour programs that explore the relationship between musical and artistic technique, form, and style. The connections that we find through deep looking, listening, and discussion cast new light on both the music and the art presented. These concerts provide the unique opportunity to reflect on one art form in relation to another. In one recent concert, students and faculty from the UT Jazz Composition Department wrote short works in response to the same painting by Fernando de Szyszlo. In this program, the musicians celebrated the variety of interpretation possible in response to the same work.  In another concert, the UT Harp Ensemble compared the ways that harpists and painters use their technique to evoke a particular mood or setting, comparing their practice to that of landscape artists of the American West.

This is the first year we are continuing the Midday Music Series through the summer, and to kick off the season, we are offering a 20% discount at the museum shop and a cookie-and-coffee deal at the Blanton Cafe following the program from 1pm to 3pm! (As a reminder, these programs are always free for members and UT students, faculty, and staff.)

Enjoy a preview of our upcoming summer lineup:

MAY 27:

Hendrick Goltzius, Helios, from Pairs of Deities, circa 1588-1590, Chiaroscuro woodcut from three blocks, tone blocks printed in ochre and brown, Archer M. Huntington Museum Fund, 1983.

Hendrick Goltzius, Helios, from Pairs of Deities, circa 1588-1590, Chiaroscuro woodcut from three blocks, tone blocks printed in ochre and brown, Archer M. Huntington Museum Fund, 1983.

This Tuesday, we’ll discuss what a sixteenth-century print has in common with a violin and cello duo. The musicians of Mohinya perform works by Maurice Ravel and Zoltán Kodály and discuss the challenging process of learning chamber music. Then, we’ll compare their rehearsals to chiaroscuro woodcut by the master Dutch printmaker Hendrick Goltzius. The meticulous use of layering to create a range of textural and colorful effects is key to the success of both the music and art. Afterwards, we will head to the Blanton’s Julia Matthews Wilkinson Center for Prints and Drawings for a special treat–an up-close look at the Goltzius print.

JUNE 24:

This concert will feature flute and guitar duo Duo Epsilon, performing works by Bulgarian composer Atanas Ourkouzounov and the Argentine tango composer, Astor Piazzolla. The art featured in the discussion will be Quipus 58 B by Peruvian artist Jorge Eielson. The concert celebrates the ways that visual artists and composers incorporate regional folk idioms into their work to assert pride in their cultural identity. In our discussion, we will highlight the variety of techniques artists use to celebrate cultural traditions in their work.

JULY 29:

This concert is part of our summer collaboration with the Austin Chamber Music Center. This woodwind quintet concert will feature works that depict animals, in conjunction with our summer exhibition In the Company of Cats and Dogs. The cornerstone of this program will be a bilingual presentation of Peter and the Wolf [Pedro y el lobo], narrated by KUT’s All Things Considered host, Nathan Bernier.

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Perception Unfolds on Arts in Context

We’re thrilled to share that the Blanton’s current exhibition, Perception Unfolds: Looking at Deborah Hay’s Dance, was recently the subject of an Arts in Context episode.  An Emmy-winning arts documentary series exploring the process of creation, Arts In Context is produced by Austin’s PBS affiliate KLRU, and is syndicated in national markets including New York, Boston, Los Angeles, and Philadelphia.

The series’ April 24 episode spotlighted the Blanton’s current exhibition and examined Deborah Hay’s creative process surrounding her modern dance choreography. Through interviews with Hay, Blanton staff and others, it underscored how Hay has challenged, for decades, the dance world’s expectations and assumptions while creating pieces that enthrall and entertain.

Watch the trailer for Perception Unfolds below, then head over to KLRU’s website to watch the episode in its entirety. The exhibition is in its final days and closes May 18, so make sure to visit the Blanton to experience this groundbreaking show that CultureMap Austin calls a “kinetic, sensual experience.”

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The research behind “In the Company of Cats and Dogs”

In the Company of Cats and DogsThis summer, the Blanton is excited to present In the Company of Cats and Dogs. On view from June 22 – September 21, the exhibition features approximately 150 works by masters such as Albrecht Dürer, Jean-Honoré Fragonard, William Blake, Francisco Goya, Paul Gauguin, Takahashi (Shotei) Hiroaki, Pablo Picasso, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Edward Hopper, Louise Bourgeois, and others. Examining the ever-changing roles of cats and dogs and our enduring fascination with them, the presentation includes Egyptian sculpture, Chinese and Pre-Columbian ceramics, medieval and Renaissance manuscripts, and prints, books, photographs and paintings from the Blanton’s collection and those of  the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston; the Yale Center for British Art; UT’s Harry Ransom Center, and other public and private collections. In anticipation of the exhibition opening, we invited intern Douglas Cushing to provide insight into the research and preparation for the show. 

In September of this past year, I began as an intern in the Print and Drawings and European Paintings department at the Blanton. Since then, I have been working on the upcoming exhibition, In the Company of Cats and Dogs, and I have been extremely fortunate to have been included in the process of researching and selecting works for the show. Additionally, I have been able to follow the evolution of the exhibition space. In the process, I have learned quite a bit from the show’s curator, Francesca Consagra, and from other members of the Blanton community, and I have enjoyed every minute of the work! Among the most rewarding aspects of this position have been the opportunities and challenges in researching objects that span diverse cultures and epochs. Expanding my horizon constantly has been a joy!

Otto Dix, Katze in Mohnfeld [Cat in Poppyfield]

Otto Dix, Katze in Mohnfeld [Cat in Poppyfield], 1968, Five-color lithograph, Gift of Charles and Dorothy Clark, 1986.

With so many wonderful objects in this show, picking a favorite is difficult, though I found one that I recently researched particularly moving. In the last few years of his life, after suffering a stroke that paralyzed his left hand and left him quite weak, German artist Otto Dix produced a multi-color lithograph of a cat in a field of poppies that I think stands apart in his oeuvre. Earlier in his career, Dix’s critical view of German society produced some unflinching images of war. He also allegorized the decadence of the bourgeoisie, portraying their excess with grotesque eroticism that he often contrasted with the marginalized veterans of the Great War. When the Nazis took power, Dix became a pariah, but he continued to make work.

Now, at the end of his life, the artist was dealing with the subject of his own decline. During this period, Dix produced a self-portrait of himself as a stroke victim, and another of himself as a skull. Here, however, he chose to depict a hunting cat. Claws out, eyes wide, lithe, it stalks its prey among the flowers. Despite Dix’s frenetic and seismic mark making, the fluidity of the cat’s movement is manifest. I cannot help but see this as a self-portrait as well. His mind was on the track of an idea. Illness had diminished Dix’s manual control, but his will to express himself visually remained strong. He was determined to make a print that remained powerful and affecting. When Dix died the next year, a painting of a solitary arrangement of flowers remained on his easel. The cat, now absent, had apparently completed its hunt.

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